10WordCantonese009_txt.htm

Daily Living

 

1.        The World About US = 100 Words for living in Canton

Note: Most characters are Traditional Chinese (Cantonese)

 

More Words for Daily Life

 

30 Clothing

 

801

Anorak

tIe hung lau

Down filled coat or 慡pace Jacket

太空褸

802

Bikini

sam dim sik wing yi

Lit: Three points style bathing suit

三點式泳衣

803

Blouse

so-eng saam

 

上衫

804

Boots

hOe

 

805

Bra

yut zhao

 

乳罩

806

Cardigan

laang ngoi tOu

 

冷外套

807

Chinese Dress

c抷un san kwan

 

全身裙

 

Formal Dress

lAi fuk

 

禮服

808

Flip-Flops

yun zhI lO

 

人字拖

809

Frock

buE saam kwan

Alt: Sleeveless sundress

背心裙

810

Hat

mOu mOu

 

811

Jacket

Ou

 

812

Jumper

mOu sin yEi

 

毛線衣

813

Polo Shirt

faan leng seot

 

反領恤

814

Raincoat

gon sap lau

 

乾濕褸

815

Sandals

lo-eng haai

 

涼鞋

816

Shirt

syut saam

 

裇衫

817

Shorts

d抷un fu

 

短褲

818

Shoes

haai

Don抰 confuse with Prawns!

819

Skirt

kwan

General word: skirt, petticoat, apron

820

Slippers

tO haai

 

拖鞋

821

Socks

maat zhI

Sock or socks general words

襪子

822

Suit

sAi zhong

Western style suit

西裝

823

Sweatshirt

bO seot

 

波恤

824

Swimming trunks

wing fu

 

泳褲

825

Tee Shirt

d抷un zhao saam

 

短袖衫

826

Tie

leng taaI

Necktie

領呔

827

Trousers

fu

Trousers, pants, slacks, etc

828

Underpants

loi fu

Briefs, underpants, panties, knickers

內褲

829

Wedding Dress

kwan gwaa

 

裙褂

830

Wellington Boots

hOe zhI

 

靴子

 

 

10 Words for Accessories

 

831

Backpack

bUE bao

 

背包

832

Belt

pAi daIe

 

皮帶

833

Carrier Bag

gao doiE

A plastic bag

膠袋

834

Glasses

sAi gnaan

Alt: 憇Ai len = 4-eyes

四眼

835

Gloves

sau tO

Gloves, mittens = the same

手套

836

Handbag

sau doi

Handbag or purse (Female)

手袋

837

Purse

cin nong

Purse: specific

錢囊

838

Scarf

geng gan

Scarf, neckerchief

頸巾

839

Umbrella

yut saan

 

雨傘

840

Wallet

gnan baau

 

銀包

 

 

Words for Stationary

 

841

Book

syU bun

 

書本

842

Brochure

siU caak zhI

 

小冊子

843

Business Card

kat pin

Also means namecard

咭片

844

Calendar

lik

Versions: Solar calendar, lunar calendar

845

Calligraphy

zhong gwor yut faat

The Art of Chinese Caligraphy

中國書法

846

Chinese Braille

zhong maan diem zhI

My small mind boggles hope this helps!

中文點字

847

Folder

gaap liU caak

There do not appear to be any general nor specific word(s) that mean 慒older. This is close. Please advise us if you know better

夾料冊

848

Guidebook

zhE naam

Guidebook, handbook, manual

指南

849

Magazine

zaap zhE

 

雜誌

850

Marker pen

bat hO mO mit

Indelible ink pen

不可磨滅

 

Highlight Pen

ying gwong bat

 

螢光筆

851

Newspaper

zhE bou

 

報紙

 

China Daily

zhong gwor yat bou

English Language Newspaper

中國日報

852

Notepad

bin zhin bun

 

便箋本

853

Paper

zhE dOi

General word for paper

紙袋

854

Pen

bat

Pen, ink pen, writing brush, pencil

 

Ink pen

mak soi bat

 

墨水筆

 

Ball-point pen

yun zhE bat

 

原子筆

 

Fountain pen

gong bat

 

鋼筆

 

Light pen

gwong bat

Used with a computer

光筆

 

Fibre tipped pen

yun mO bat

 

軟毛筆

855

Pencil

yun bat

 

鉛筆

856

Poster

hOi bou

 

海報

857

Printing Paper

yan biU gAi zhE

Easier to ask for 慉4

印表機

858

Report

bou

Used with other words for meaning. Best generalisations are 慴ou gou or 慴ou dou

859

Voucher/Coupon

yaow wAi hyun

 

優惠券

860

Writing paper

seOn zhE

 

信紙

 

 

20 Words for Teachers

 

861

Assistant Teacher

siU sin saang

Student teaching assistant

小先生

862

Attention

zyU GEi

 

注意

863

Blackboard

haak baan

 

黑板

864

College

hok jyun

 

學院

865

Coloured Pencils

ngaan sik bat

 

顏色筆

 

Pencil case

bat dOi

 

筆袋

866

Crayons

coi sik laap bat

Coloured crayons

彩色蠟筆

867

Exercise Book

lin zaap bOu

Alt: Workbook

練習簿

868

Headmaster

jyun zo-eng

 

院長

869

Homework

gaa fO

 

家課

870

Lesson Plan

gung fO

 

功課

871

Magnets

CE tiet

 

磁鐵

872

Paint or draw

waak tOu

Very general 慶over-all word

畫圖

873

Practice

gan zyU

Repeat; continue; follow; and then...

跟住

874

Quiet

sau seng

Shut up, keep quiet!

收聲

875

School

hok haau

 

學校

876

Star

sau zo-eng

Small Award

授獎

877

Student

hok saang

Student, pupil

學生

878

Teacher

lO CEE

 

老師

879

University

daI hok

 

大學

880

Whiteboard

baak baan

 

白板

 

 

20 Words for Distance, Weights and Measures

 

881

Chinese Measure

CEi zhaI

Note: Most mainland Cantonese actually swap this around so it sounds like 憇i-zee, pronounced 搒I z抸hEE.

(literally: "market system")

市制

882

Imperial Measure

ying

Prefix

883a

Metric Measure

gong

Prefix

883b

S.I.

CEi

International metric standard. This means it is virtually the same as modern Metric

884

Chinese Inch

t抯un

1.463 inches, 3.175 mm

885

Chinese Foot

chek

1.29 feet, 33 cm

886

Chinese Mile

waa lAi

0.31 miles, 500 meters. Mandarin : li

華里

887

Catty

HK Pound weight

gan

Basic unit of weight = 1.33 Pounds

formerly 16 liang = 1 jin = 604.79 g

888

Chinese Acre

mu

0.16 acres, 666.66 square meters

889

Chinese Gram

gung fan

0.04 oz, 1 gram. Trad Mandarin = ke

公分

890

Tael

leung

1.3 oz, 37.8 grams

891

Chinese Kilo

jin

1.1 lbs, 500 grams See 慍atty above

892

Hundredweight

dan

110 lbs, 50 kilos

893

Chinese Litre

sheng

0.22 Gallons, 1 litre

894

Chinese Gallon

dou

2.2 Gallons, 10 Litres

895

Length

d抸hit

The Mandarin system of Length:

1 Yin = 10 Zhang

1 Zhang = 10 Chi

1 Chi = 10 Cun

1 Cun = 10 Fen

1 Fen is now the equivalent of 0.231 cm.

896

Volume

Zhong d抸hik

The Mandarin system of Volume is:

1 Hu = 10 Dou

1 Dou = 10 Sheng

1 Sheng is equivalent to the present 200 ml.

 

容積

897

Weight

bong bong

The Mandarin system of Weights is:

1 Dan = 4 Jun

1 Jun = 30 Jin

1 Jin= 16 Liang

1 Liang = 24 Zhu (Cantonese = loeng)

1 Jin is equivalent to the current 253 grams.

898

Inch

tien or cyun

Local Shunde speaking for about 1 inch.

慶yun is general word meaning 1 UK inch

899

Pint

ban yut

 

品脫

900

Size

daI siU

Characters for big and small together

大小

 

Note:

v      Traditional Chinese measurements are seldom used today, and many are based on the number 16 (Like British Ounces) ; although bases 8, 12, and 20 are also common. However, they are used (Or their Metric or Imperial rough equivalents) in local shops, village shops, and virtually all wet markets. You need to know some of these, and understand their usage and meanings

v      The words above are Chinese measurements

v      Add gōng in front to specify the Metric equivalent

v      Add yingin front to specify the Imperial equivalent

v      For a lot more information and specific units, please visit wapedia

o        http://wapedia.mobi/en/Chinese_units_of_measurement (3 pages)

v      We make no apologies if this is confusing:

o        Sometimes the same sound and character has different meanings in combination

o        Sometimes the same sound has different characters

o        Sometimes the measurments have changed locally

o        Hong Kong and Mainland measurements were different until 1986

         Guangdong Cantonese use their own versions and words for both systems!

o        Here is China!

 

We will conclude this introduction to basic Cantonese in chapter 10, which lists many important words you will use in daily life