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Chinese History
Imperial China - Qin
Qin (221 to 206 BC)
The Qin Empire is regarded as being the first Chinese Empire, and throughout this short time of war, modern China came into being

Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang is responsible for uniting China under one flag and leader. He is regarded as the first Emperor of all China, and to Chinese, he is a far more important world figure than Julius Caesar. He warred against 6 other notable kingdoms and won control and Sovereignty. Below is a map of his lands (Kindly reproduced from Wikipedia )

Foreigners from all over the world would naturally pronounce ‘Qin’ as ‘Chin’. The intimate form of this word is to add ‘ah’, therefore they became widely known as the ‘Chin-ah’ people = China.

What can lead to confusion, is that Qin Shi Huang created the title of Emperor (). This would not be a problem were it not for coincidence (?) that when spoken, this name sounds like Huang Di. This is the name of The Yellow Emperor of course () . Huang means 'Yellow' and has the character . However, this‘huang’ character is different, and means "sovereign" (huang ) and "god-king" (di ) = Emperor

You should consider that he gave China its Birthright by consolidating various disparate factions, and creating what would later evolve into Modern China – and a governmental hierarchy system (Empire) that would not be broken for 2, 166 years

His reign was brief and it is recorded he died from madness induced by Mercury poisoning, a supposed cure for ailments at that time. But his legacy is still lives-on in the daily lives of all Chinese peoples today. China only exists because of this person

This Empire was centred on the Yellow River and Yangtze River, but included places like modern Shanghai, Hangzhou, Beijing, and even Guangzhou (Canton [Nanhai {Modern Foshan}]) far away to the south

What is remarkable is what Qin Shi Huang achieved:

• Repelled (But did not defeat) the Northern Xiongnu Tribes, the forefathers of The Huns that later terrorised Eastern and Central Europe for many centuries
• They in turn were being pressurised by what we would today regard as the forefathers of The Mongols. The Xiongnu went West, the Mongols went South
• Built the first versions of the Great Wall of China (To keep out the Xiongnu)
• Built a canal to link the Yangtze and Yellow River’s
• Created the first National road system in China
• His self-inspired mausoleum is now the home of the unearthed Terracotta Warriors (Xi’an)
• He was probably driven quite ‘mad’ by his daily ingestion of Mercury
• In latter years he had Confucius buried alive, instigated a policy of book-burning, and had most Confucians also buried alive.
• The Qin Dynasty left a legacy of a centralized and bureaucratic state that would be carried onto successive dynasties.
• At the height of its power, the Qin Dynasty had a population of about 40 million people, Circa 210 BC
• He standardised the width of axles on carts, thus making trade easy in all parts of the Empire
• The influence of Qin spread into Korea and Vietnam, but they never became under direct political control. Similarly, the Qin control of a small trading port in the far distant South called Nanhai (Modern Foshan), can be viewed better as an alliance, not a conquest. Refer to ‘Yue’ history for this

• The first Chinese Empire is called ‘Qin’. The last is called ‘Qing’.
• The forefather of China is called ‘Huang Di’ (), and is known as The Yellow Emperor
• Qin Shi Huang is The First Emperor of China, also often vocalised as ‘Huang Di’ ().
• Huang (Cantonese: Wong), character means ‘Yellow’
• Huang (Cantonese: Wong), character means ‘Sovereign’
Do not confuse these

This information is as supplied by Wikipedia, as dated March 2009 or later, and/or other reliable sources.

Maps (Unless stated otherwise) are provided in association with Thomas Lessman

Please check this information yourself as it may alter without notice, and whilst we try our best to ensure it is correct, please do not hold us responsible for any errors - this is intended as a simple guide only
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